Events & Clinical findings in the First stage of labour

In this stage preparation of the birth canal occurs to expel the fetus during the 2nd…

Causes of onset of Labour

Throughout the pregnancy, there is hypertrophy (increase in the size of cells) and hyperplasia (increase in…

Mechanism of Normal Labour

It is a series of movements that occur on the head in the process of adaptation,…

Normal Labour / Eutocia

Labour is defined as a series of events that takes place in the female genital organs…

Perineum

The perineum is a diamond-shaped space that lies between the symphysis pubis and coccyx, made up…

Mammary Glands (Breast)

These are hemispherical accessory glands of the female reproductive system, which are concerned with lactation after…

External Genitalia / Vulva / Pudendum

It is also known as vulva or pudendum which includes all externally visible parts in a…

Female Reproductive Organs

Female reproductive organs are concerned with sexual intercourse, fertilization, growth, and development of the fetus and…

Oogenesis and Follicular Development

The formation of gametes in the ovaries is termed oogenesis. During fetal development, primordial germ cells…

Female Internal Genital Organs

Female internal genitalia includes all the female reproductive organs which lie internally, are as follows- A)…