coping mechanism

The term coping is used to refer to the process by which a person attempts to manage successful demands. A person can focus on the specific problem that has arisen, trying to find some way of changing it or avoiding it in the future, this is called problem-focused coping. These are : –
• Learning problem-solving method
• Applying the process to an identified problem
• Role-playing interactive with others
A person can also focus on alleviating the emotion, associated with the stressful situation, even if the situation itself cannot be changed. This is called emotion-focused coping. It helps the person relax and reduce the feeling of stress. It includes relaxation, deep breathing, guided imagery, music, etc.

Coping strategies generally fall in 4 categories –

  • When the problem is solved in a rational & productive way and the anxiety is reduced, it is said to be adaptive (positive).
  • If the solution temporarily relieves the anxiety & beet the problem but still exists & must be dealt with again at a later time such copying is palliative (positive).
  • If an unsuccessful attempt is made to decrease the anxiety without attempting to solve the problem are maladaptive & anxiety remains.
  • The individual who does not attempt to reduce the anxiety or solve the problem is considered to have dysfunctional management of stressor.

The major role of a psychiatric nurse is to help the patient learn and regain highly effective coping strategies and avoid ineffective strategies. Strategies that temporarily use to relieve anxiety are as follows:-

• Visualization(any technique for creating images or animations to communicate a message), guided imagery (is a relaxation technique that uses positive mental images to influence how you feel), prayer & meditation.
• Concentration on breathing- slow, long, deep breathing.
• Relaxation training for reducing tension & increasing muscle relaxation.
• Engaging in yoga, adopting a healthy lifestyle such as a balanced diet, sleep exercise.
• Avoiding smoking, alcohol, other substances.
• Spending time with caring, supportive & optimistic people for social support.
• Listening to music.
• Engaging in personal growth activities & increasing self activities.
• Decreasing in a negative view of the self-other, problem and replacing these with positive thoughts.

Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem?

Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet.

Copyright © 2019 Nursinglecture.

To Top
Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap