DIAGNOSIS /SIGN OF PREGNANCY –

  1. Sign-Of-PregnancyPOSSIBLE SIGN :
  • Early breast changes (Montgomery tubercles, 2° areola)
  • Amenorrhoea
  • Morning sickness
  • Bladder irritability
  • Quickening
  1. PROBABLE SIGN :
  • Presence of hCG in urine or blood
  • Hegar sign
  • Chadwick’s sign
  • Osiander’s sign
  • Uterine growth
  • Changes in skin pigmentation (chloasma gravidarum, striae albicans, linea nigra)
  • Uterine souffle
  • Braxton Hicks contractions
  • Ballottement of uterus
  1. POSITIVE SIGN :
  • Visualization of gestational sac by Transvaginal or Transabdominal ultrasound (4-5 week).
  • Visualization of heart pulsation by TVS, TAS (5-6 week).
  • Fetal heart sound by Doppler, stethoscope (11-12 week, 20week).
  • Fetal movement palpable (22 weeks).
  • Visualisation of fetus by X-ray (16 weeks).